As demand for shipped goods will rise, the Port of Rotterdam underlines the need of increasing the efficiency of ships and stimulates the use of low carbon fuels in shipping. Efficiency measures in fuel consumption through technical and operational measures can result in a 20 % to 50 % reduction. Additionally, ships need to switch to electric propulsion, hydrogen and synthetic fuels such as methanol. Due to the current lack of feasible alternatives that are directly available for use, the ports stimulate LNG as being a more sustainable alternative to heavy fuel oil.
Bio-LNG has even a higher effect on the CO2 reduction, as it can save up to 90% GHG Emissions compared to fossil fuels. In order to scale up bio-LNG projects in the future, a comprehensive LNG infrastructure network is necessary with a clear transition path towards bio-LNG.